varicose and spider veins

Varicose Veins and Spider Veins

Varicose veins are very common; about half of all adults aged 40-69 have them. That equates to about 20 million people in the United States who are suffering from varicose veins or spider veins, which appear on the surface and give the skin a discolored appearance. Varicose veins are the result of a venous insufficiency (also known as venous reflux), a condition resulting from decreased blood flow from the leg veins to the heart, and which causes blood to “pool” within the veins, causing them to bulge.

In addition to being unsightly, they can be painful and sometimes even debilitating. Women are twice as likely as males to develop varicose and spider veins, but there are still millions of men who suffer from this condition.

There are several causes of varicose veins. You may have them as a normal part of the aging process. You can inherit them from your parents. A job that requires prolonged standing can cause them. They can also be the result of weight gain, pregnancy or hormonal changes.

Left untreated, varicose veins could lead to blood clots or other serious conditions.

Treatment for Varicose and Spider Veins

EVLT: Endovenous Laser Treatment
This procedure is most commonly used for varicose veins treatment. EVLT utilizes laser energy to target your tissue with extreme precision — you don’t need to worry about the laser affecting surrounding tissue. AMIC physicians will ensure that this medical procedure is minimally invasive. Surgeries that use lasers, if done by a skilled physician, are less risky than conventional surgeries.

This vein treatment involves removing a large- or medium-sized varicose vein through a tiny incision in your leg. The incisions are very small and won’t affect the appearance of your leg after your operation is completed — stitches aren’t even required to close the incisions.

A local anesthetic is injected into the area that will be operated on, and then your vein doctor will use a small scalpel to puncture the skin next to the varicose vein, insert a small hook into the hole, grasp the vein, and remove it.

Foam Sclerotherapy
Sometimes you’ll have veins that are larger than spider veins but smaller than varicose veins, and they’ll need to be removed. When this is the case, foam sclerotherapy is a proven way to remove them. The physician will inject a solution (which resembles foam) into the larger vein. This foam will destroy the inside of the vein walls, cause them to stick together, and close.

Spider Sclerotherapy
This vein treatment is similar to foam sclerotherapy because a solution — called Sclerovein — is injected into spider veins. This solution is painless for you. However, it will irritate the inside walls of the spider veins and cause them to close.

It’s a highly effective spider vein treatment, but sometimes more than one treatment is required in order to achieve the results you want. Most patients will see a 50-90 percent improvement.

After your vein procedure, you may be required to wear medical compression socks for a specific amount of time. You may also be asked to avoid taking baths, swimming, doing hot yoga, and other activities after your procedure.

Each of these procedures is highly effective, minimally invasive in nature and carry far lower risks than surgical procedures like vein stripping.